Pay Equity Challenges Continue: EEOC Sues Nursing Home for Paying Female Nurse Less

Pay equity challenges continue to make the news in the healthcare setting, primarily in the context of physician pay equity gaps. This month, the journal Pediatrics published data from the American Academy of Pediatrics’ Pediatrician Life and Career Experience Study (PLACE), which included 1,000 physician responses on income and 1,300 responses on household responsibilities. The income data (from 2016) showed that female pediatricians were paid only 76 percent of their male peers’ income.

Please find the rest of this article on our Healthcare Workplace Update here.

Update: EEO-1 Component 2 Portal to Remain Open

In its most recent required status report to the court, filed September 27, 2019, the EEOC reports:

“[s]o long as the Court’s order is in effect stating that the collection will not be complete until it reaches what the Court has determined to be the target response rate, the EEOC will continue to accept Component 2 data for 2017 and 2018.

Please find the rest of this article on our Affirmative Action & OFCCP Law Advisor blog here.

Like EEO-1 Component 2, California Pay Data Reporting Stalls

With the future of the EEOC’s pay data collection efforts unclear, California’s effort to legislate its own race- and sex-based pay data reporting requirements likewise has stalled, for now.

Since July, California’s Senate Bill 171 (requiring private employers with at least 100 employees to submit an annual report of employee pay data broken down by race, ethnicity, and sex within specified job categories) has stalled. After the Judiciary Subcommittee passed and referred the bill to the Appropriations Committee, it was placed on the Appropriation Committee’s “Suspense File,” where bills with annual costs above $150,000 are held until the state budget has been prepared. At the hearing on August 30, the bill failed to garner sufficient votes to pass out of committee before the legislative session adjourned on September 13.

Failing to clear the necessary hurdles before the end of the legislative session, the bill must be reintroduced when the legislature reconvenes on January 6, 2020. It is unclear whether the pay data reporting bill will be reintroduced by Senate Bill 171’s sponsor Senator Hannah-Beth Jackson, another advocate in the upcoming session, or at all.

The Jackson Lewis Pay Equity Resource Group will continue to monitor and report on these developments, including whether some version of the pay data reporting bill is reintroduced when the California state legislature reconvenes. Please reach out to a Jackson Lewis attorney with any questions.

The Future of The EEO-1: What Does EEOC’s Information Collection Really Mean?

As we previously reported , EEOC has filed notice asking for renewed approval to collect EEO-1 Component 1 race, gender and ethnicity workforce data for the next three years (2019, 2020 & 2021), but is not seeking renewed authority to collect Component 2 pay data and hours worked. To be clear, this filing does not impact the current obligation employers have to submit 2017 and 2018 pay data by September 30, 2019.

Please find the rest of this article on our Affirmative Action & OFCCP Law Advisor blog here.

Breaking News: EEOC Will Not Seek Renewal of Pay Data Collection At This Time

As previously reported, EEOC is expected to publish tomorrow a Notice of Information Collection regarding EEO-1 Reporting.  An advance copy of the notice reports that “the EEOC is not seeking to renew Component 2 of the EEO-1.” Instead, the Commission has concluded it should consider information from the current Component 2 collection before deciding whether to submit a renewed pay data collection to OMB for approval.

Please find the rest of this article on our Affirmative Action & OFCCP Law Advisor blog here.

The Future of Federal Pay Equity Law, According to Democratic Presidential Candidates

State pay equity laws, in large part, have been a response to a perception that the federal government is not acting effectively or quickly enough to address gender and race pay gaps. Not surprisingly, several democratic presidential candidates have staked out platforms on how they will address pay inequities at the federal level – some more specific than others.

The candidates’ platform themes include:

  • Requiring federal contractors to periodically report pay and diversity data, and withholding federal contracts from employers with poor records advancing diversity and pay equity;
  • Compelling employers to report diversity statistics regarding representation and pay of women and men in leadership positions, including a focus on promotional opportunities;
  • Requiring employers to obtain “Equal Pay Certification” by proving pay equity between men and women. According to one candidate, employers with at least 100 employees would be required to obtain Equal Pay Certification from the EEOC within three years and every two years thereafter. Employers with at least 500 employees would have two years to certify;
    • Under this plan, employers unable to prove pay equity would be fined for every one percent gap in pay, after accounting for job titles, experience, and performance;
    • Equal Pay Certification would first be required of federal contractors pursuant to an executive order;
  • Reporting of gender and race pay gaps, regardless of job title, experience, or performance.
  • Banning salary history inquiries and the use of prior salary to determine starting pay;
  • Raising the minimum wage to $15 per hour;
  • Banning forced arbitration of employer-employee legal disputes, including pay disputes;
  • Enacting family leave requirements; and
  • Working to pass the federal Paycheck Fairness Act in the U.S. Congress.

Two basic themes are apparent: compelling employers to be more transparent in their pay practices will draw attention and action to address pay equity issues; and paying attention to pay equity alone is not enough if women and minorities are not well-represented at all workforce levels.

The Democratic candidates are following existing pay equity strategies and themes of the states, as well as of countries in the European Union. Of course, while no one can predict outcomes of elections, whether at the federal or state level, efforts to address pay equity are not likely to die down anytime soon.

Please contact a Jackson Lewis attorney or a member of the Pay Equity Resource group for assistance to proactively address pay equity questions.

EEOC to Seek Public Comment on Pay Data Collection

In its required status report, filed pursuant to Court Order, EEOC announced it is preparing a Notice of Information Collection – Employer Information Report (EEO-1) to seek authorization from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for the collection of pay data going forward.  As a reminder, OMB approval for the data collection expires September 30, 2019 – the same deadline imposed by the court for the current reporting period for the EEO-1 Component 2 data. Once published in the Federal Register, EEOC states “the public will be invited to submit comments to the Commission.”

Please find the rest of this article on our Affirmative Action & OFCCP Law Advisor blog here.

Illinois Expands Equal Pay Act and Bans Inquiries about Job Applicants’ Wage Histories

An amendment to the Illinois Equal Pay Act expands the Act’s scope and prohibits employers in Illinois from requesting information about a job applicant’s prior compensation.

House Bill 834 passed both houses of the Illinois General Assembly, and was signed into law by Governor J.B. Pritzker on July 31, 2019, as Public Act 101-1077. The new law takes effect on September 29, 2019. Please click here to read the full article about this amendment.


New Jersey Passes New Salary History Ban

New Jersey has enacted a new law prohibiting employers from seeking or relying on job applicants’ salary history.

Lieutenant Governor Sheila Oliver (acting on behalf of New Jersey Governor Phil Murphy) has signed legislation that prohibits employers from requesting or relying on a job applicant’s salary history in hiring and pay-setting decisions. The law will take effect on January 1, 2020.

A.B. 1094 comes a year after New Jersey’s passage of the New Jersey Equal Pay Act (codified as P.L. 2018, c.9), which precludes an employer from paying an employee of any protected class at a lower rate than other employees with similar job duties, unless the employer has a legitimate business reason for the differential.

New Jersey’s new salary history ban bars employers from screening job candidates based on wage, salary, and benefits history or requiring a salary history satisfy any minimum or maximum criteria. The law further proscribes an employer from requiring candidates to disclose past salaries. Under the new law, if the applicant voluntarily provides his or her salary history without prompting, employers may verify salary history and factor in the information into salary, benefits, and compensation decisions.

The law does not apply to internal transfers or promotions, an employer’s use of knowledge acquired through the candidate’s prior employment with the business, or when a federal law or regulation mandates the disclosure of a candidate’s salary history.

Further, where the position involves incentive or commission plans, the New Jersey law authorizes an employer to inquire about an applicant’s previous experience with incentive and commission plans, so long as the employer does not seek information on the applicant’s previous earnings from those plans.

Additionally, an employer’s attempt to obtain or verify an applicant’s disclosure of non-salary-related information when conducting a background screening does not violate the law if the employer states in its request that salary history is not to be disclosed. If salary history is disclosed, employers may not retain the information or consider it when determining compensation for the applicant.

Employers who violate New Jersey’s salary history ban face fines of up to $1,000, $5,000, and $10,000 for the first, second, and third violations. Employers also risk additional penalties under the New Jersey Law Against Discrimination.

The law addresses a gap in the Diane B. Allen Equal Pay Act. Specifically, while the Equal Pay Act sets forth specific standards an employer must meet to justify a pay disparity for employees who perform substantially similar work (e.g., seniority system, merit system, or the 5 factor test set forth in the statute), the law is silent as to employer inquiries into a prospective employee’s compensation or benefits. This law eliminates any such ambiguities or confusion with respect to such inquiries. In fact, the law permits a multi-state employer to maintain compensation history inquiries on application forms so long as the employer includes a disclaimer “immediately preceding the salary history inquiry on the employment application […] that an applicant for a position the physical location of which will be in whole, or substantial part, in New Jersey is instructed not to answer the salary history inquiry.”

Employers should review and revise their hiring practices and policies to ensure compliance with the laws in the states in which they operate. Jackson Lewis attorneys will continue to monitor pay equity developments. Please contact us with any questions about the potential implications of New Jersey’s salary history ban or other legal developments.

New York Governor Kicks Off U.S. Women’s Soccer Team’s Ticker-Tape Parade with Equal Pay Legislation

On the heels of the U.S. Women’s Soccer Team’s World Cup win, Governor Andrew Cuomo on July 10, 2019, signed into law two bills that expand New York’s existing equal pay laws.

In enacting two of the three equal pay bills passed by the New York Legislature, New York joins other states in expanding the bases for compensation discrimination claims and restricting salary history inquiries. (E.g., Colorado Enacts Comprehensive Equal Pay Law and Alabama Passes New Pay Equity Act.)

New York’s S. S5248A prohibits unequal pay on the basis of all protected characteristics, not just gender. Under New York law, this includes, age, race, creed, color, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, military status, sex, disability, predisposing genetic characteristics, familial status, marital status, or domestic victim status. The new law also expands the potential comparators under the law by prohibiting compensation discrimination among employees who are engaging in substantially similar work, when viewed as a composite of skill, effort, and responsibility and performed under similar working conditions.

The second bill, S. S6549, prohibits employers from relying on the wage or salary history of an applicant in determining whether to offer the applicant employment or in determining the wages or salary of such individual. It also prevents employers from orally or in writing requesting salary history of an applicant or employee in determining whether to offer employment or the amount of salary to be offered. There is also a provision prohibiting employers from retaliating against applicants or employees because they refused to provide salary history or filed a complaint with the New York Department of Labor.

Please contact a member of the Jackson Lewis Pay Equity Resource Group with any questions. We will continue to monitor and report on this and other developments in equal pay laws.